Effect of grain moisture and clearance of machine on mechanical damage of processed paddy
Keywords:mechanical damage, processed paddy, clearance, husking, grain moisture .
The effect of clearance in husking machine (Satake BK40 type) on paddy cultivar of Amber 31 (AM31) were tested during husking at three clearance of 0.5,0.7and 0.9 mm and two grains moisture 9-11% and 11-13% .The experiments were carried out in a factorial experiment under complete randomized design with three replications. The results showed that the 9-11% grain moisture was significantly better than the 11-13% grain moisture in all studied conditions. The results showed a machine productivity of 1.707 and 1.441 th-1, power consumption of 13.585 and 14.800 kW, husking efficiency of 83.478% and 81.979%, milling recovery of 69.848 and68.794% ,head paddy of 68.086 and 66.221 %, and broken paddy of 6.226 % and 7.471 % , for 9-11% and 11-13%, respectively. The clearance of 0.9 mm was significantly superior to the levels of 0.7 and 0.5 mm in all studied conditions.