Economic analysis in mechanized production of Khoa

someswara Rao Chodisetti

Abstract


India is the world’s largest producer of milk and dairy products, accounting for about 13% of world’s total milk production. Milk is perishable in nature, thus it cannot be stored for a long period. In order to preserve it, more than half of milk produced in India is converted into a variety of traditional value added milk products. Khoa is a concentrated milk product of great commercial importance and it is an essential ingredient for preparation of variety of indigenous milk based sweets. In the present study, economical analysis in mechanized production of Khoa was carried out. The quality of raw milk was analyzed using Lacto scan milk analyzer. Steam jacketed pan (200 liters capacity) was used for production of Khoa. Uniform steam pressure of 1.5 kg/cm2 was maintained during the operation. About 11.50 kg of khoa was obtained from 40 liters of cow milk (4 % fat) by adding 4 kg of sugar. The prepared Khoa was sold for Rs. 210 per kg. Net profit of 30.43 % (Rs 49) per kg and benefit cost ratio of 1.30 was observed.


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