Technological qualities of sugar beet root crops at different sowing dates
The purpose of the research was to identify patterns of productivity changes and technological qualities of sugar beet depending on the sowing time under the conditions of the Middle CIS-Urals. In 2017-2020, field experiments were conducted in the experimental fields of the [BLINDED] University. They sowed the Hercules sugar beet hybrid. As a result of the research, the regularities of changes in the yield and technological qualities of sugar beet root crops at different sowing dates were determined. The first decade of May is revealed to be the optimal time for sugar beet sowing under the conditions of the Middle CIS-Urals. The optimal dates for sowing sugar beets are recommended for beet-growing farms in the Middle CIS-Urals. Most beet-growing regions of Russia, as well as European countries (Germany, Austria), have similar soil and climatic conditions. The research results can be used in these regions and countries, as the patterns of productivity changes and technological qualities of sugar beet depending on the sowing time were revealed. The optimal parameters of their application in the technology of sugar beet cultivation were determined. They will allow getting a high yield of root crops with good technological qualities.