EFFECT OF VARYING WATER APPLICATIONS ON GROWTH, YIELD AND WATER USE EFFICIENCY OF OKRA (Abelmoschus Esculentus) UNDER DRIP IRRIGATION IN AKURE
Keywords:Okra yield, Water Use Efficiency, Irrigation Treatment
The conservation of water is crucial to sustainable agricultural production during dry season when there is little or no rainfall to improve crop production. Thus this study is aimed to evaluate the effects of different levels of water applications on the growth, yield and water use efficiency of Okra under drip irrigation system during dry season. 16 drip irrigation plots (2x2m2) were established following a 4x4 completely block design with equal replicates to determine the water consumptive use of Okra. The growth, yield and water use efficiency of Okra under four different irrigation management i.e irrigation water applied at 100FIT (full irrigation treatment), 80FIT, 60FIT and 40FIT were measured. Results showed highest growth parameters being observed at 100FIT and the least at 40FIT. The difference in the growth parameters in all the treatments blocks were not significant(p=0.05) for all the stages of development of okra. Using Tukey’s test, the yield obtained at 60 and 100FIT was not significantly different but significantly different when compared to other treatment blocks and it ranges from 2.05-3.60tons/ha. The Irrigation Water Use Efficiency (IWUE) ranges from 0.024-0.041tons/ha.mm while the Crop Water Use Efficiency(CWUE) ranges from 0.0088-0.0139tons/ha.mm. Okra crop irrigated with drip irrigation at 60FIT recorded the highest IWUE, CWUE and about 73% more yield than the 40FIT of 0.041tons/ha.mm, 0.0139tons/ha.mm and 3.56tons/ha respectively. It was concluded that Okra crop irrigated at 60FIT should be adopted in order to save 40% water to irrigate additional land.