Vibration analysis of a small diesel engine using diesel-biodiesel fuel blends


  • Bahareh Heidary University of Tehran
  • S. R. Hassan-beygi Department of Agriculture Technical Engineering, College of Abureihan, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
  • B. Ghobadian Department of Mechanics of Agricultural machinery Engineering, College of agriculture, University of Tarbiat Modarres, Tehran, Iran
  • A. Taghizadeh Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources , Gorgan, Iran


Vibration analysis, Power tiller, Time domain, Frequency domain, Diesel-Biodiesel fuel blends


Biodiesel as an environmentally friendly fuel has the potential to provide comparable engine performance results.  Biodiesel is a renewable fuel produced from vegetable and seed oils, animal fats or waste edible oils.  Sound and vibration caused by the combustion process in the engine might have direct effects on users.   One of the important characteristics of diesel fuels is high noise and vibration.  The present study was carried out to examine the vibration of different diesel-biodiesel fuel blends in power tiller engine.  The main goal was to present fuels with the minimum vibration.  So, the time domain signals were analyzed in five levels of engine speed, three axes and six fuel blends on the engine.  The signal processing and statistical approach were applied for data analysis.  The results showed that in all engine speeds, the dominant frequency is matched to the piston stroke frequency of the engine, as well as the frequency of vibration with the increase of engine speed.  The experiments indicated that the magnitude of vibration in the power tiller engine depends on the axis of measurement, engine speed and the fuel blends.  Vibration acceleration is significantly affected by engine speed and the increase in forward speed due to the increase in vibration acceleration rms.  The results of the experiments revealed that vibration acceleration is significantly affected by the axis of measurement.  The magnitude of vibration acceleration in vertical axis was more than that in the other two axes and magnitude of vibration acceleration in the longitudinal axis was more than that in the lateral axis.  Fuel blends had significant effect on the vibration.  It demonstrated that B100, B5 and B20 have the lowest vibration.  On the contrary, B15 and B10 have the highest vibration.


Keywords: vibration analysis, power tiller, time domain, frequency domain, diesel-biodiesel fuel blends

Author Biography

Bahareh Heidary, University of Tehran

mechanics of agricultural machinery






IV-Energy in Agriculture