Mechanical damage to wheat and triticale seeds related to moisture content and impact energy

Feizollah Shahbazi, Ali Dolwlatshah, Saman Valizadeh

Abstract


The objective of this research was to determine the effects of moisture content and the impact energy on the breakage susceptibility of wheat and triticale seeds.  The experiments were conducted at five moisture contents of 7.5%, 12%, 17%, 22% and 27% in wet basis (w.b.), and at the impact energies of 0.05 and 0.1 J.  The percentage of breakage of both wheat and triticale seeds increased as the impact energy increased.  The analysis of variance showed that the difference between breakage susceptibility of wheat and triticale seeds was significant at the 0.01% level (P<0.01).  Triticale seeds had more breakage than wheat seeds.  For both wheat and triticale seeds as the moisture content of the seeds increased, the amount of the percentage breakage of seeds decreased as a polynomial.  The average values of percentage breakage of wheat seeds decreased from 43.81% to 19.88% as the moisture content increased from 7.5% to 27% (w.b.).  Over the same moisture content range, the percentage breakage of triticale seeds varied from 81.34% to 37.77%.  Below the moisture contents of 17% (w.b.) for the wheat and 22% (w.b.) for the triticale the percentage breakage of seeds increased obviously.

 

Keywords: wheat, triticale, mechanical damage, moisture content, impact energy, harvesting, handling, processing


Keywords


wheat, triticale, mechanical damage, moisture content, impact energy, harvesting, handling, processing

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