Physical properties of large cardamom cultivated in north eastern Himalayan region of Sikkim, India
Keywords:large cardamom, spice crop, physical properties, mechanical properties
The large cardamom is one of the most important spice crops grown in Himalayan region of Sikkim, India. The capsules of the harvested large cardamom are dried before consumption. The paper presents the physical properties of freshly harvested and dried large cardamom capsules. The geometrical mean diameter, sphericity, bulk density and mean values of angle of repose of the freshly harvested large cardamom capsules were observed to be 18.53±1.73 mm, 0.76, 332.21±14.24 kg m-3 and 28.74±4.04°, respectively. Whereas for dried large cardamom capsules the values were found to be 11.113±0.92 mm, 0.56, 393.109±9.622 kg m-3 and 29.84±2.93°, respectively. The peak static coefficient of friction of freshly harvested large cardamom over mild steel, plywood and plastic film surfaces were 0.386, 0.463 and 0.359, respectively. However, for dried large cardamom capsules, the observed values were 0.436, 0.394 and 0.155, respectively.
Keywords: large cardamom, spice crop, physical properties