Prediction Of Lateral Force In An Off-Road Tire As A Function Of Seven Variables Using Response Surface Methodology (RSM)

Hamid Abdolmaleki, Ali Jafari, Hossein Mousazadeh, Ali Hajiahmad


In this study an in-situ Single Wheel Tester (iSWT) was used to investigate the effect of some of the most important independent variables on the lateral force of a high lug agricultural tire. The variables include some soil parameters and tire characteristics. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) also was used to construct a design of experiment and propose the lateral force model as a function of seven variables (various combination treatments of soil characteristics and tire parameters). A total of 152 experimental tests were conducted to find appropriate model. Reduced form of a quadratic model was selected to predict the tire lateral force (R2 > 0.9). The results show that the side slip angle and moisture content had major and minimal effect on tire lateral force respectively. Increasing the tire normal load, not only increases the maximum value of tire lateral force attainment, it also pushes the peak value of the lateral force to higher slip angles.


Response surface methodology; Single wheel tester; Side slip angle; Normal load; Drawbar pull; Moisture content; Tire inflation pressure

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